Bangladesh: Domestic Politics and External Actors
A new government led by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has started working in Bangladesh following the general elections held on 5 January 2014. The new cabinet has received constructive responses from various groups in Bangladesh for inducting veteran politicians. As several as thirty members of the outgoing cabinet had been dropped, allegedly for their linkages with corruption or bad performance. The initial session of the 10th National Parliament was referred to as on 29 January 2014 in a new political setting. The parliamentary democracy of Bangladesh has entered its third phase. In the initial phase, instantly right after the Liberation War in 1971 Bangladesh adopted the Westminster method of government. The very first Constitution, acknowledged as the 1972 Constitution, is nevertheless lauded by the centre, centre left, centre right and left aspects of Bangladeshi politics. In 1975, the country was brought underneath the the presidential form of government which lasted till the fall of the Ershad regime on six December 1990.
The twelfth Amendment to the Constitution on 6 August 1991 re-introduced the parliamentary form of government in Bangladesh. The introduction of the Caretaker Government program via the 13th Amendment in 1996 added a new dimension to parliamentary democracy in Bangladesh. Right after far more than two decades, the parliamentary system witnessed a new phase marked by the absence of the Caretaker Government technique, and a lot more importantly, absence of a significant political party, Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), in the Parliament. BNP ruled the country for much more than 14 many years. Now the main opposition celebration in the 10th Parliament is the Ershad-led Jatiya Celebration. Understandably, BNP with its allies will remain engaged in street politics even though in the parliament the government will face its former ally as the main opposition celebration.
This is a script not written by any pundit or by any political astronomer – rather it is the inevitable final result of the high stakes zero-sum-game in in Bangladeshi politics. The primary players are certainly the two primary alliances – the BNP led 18-get together (now 19- get together) alliance and the Awami League-led grand alliance. The men and women proceed to be disillusioned and disappointed. The political process moved in its own course, paving the way for formal democracy to proceed as the last resort for a secure and peaceful society. The constitution has been upheld. Bangladesh with its higher executing economic system, increasing middle class and promising social improvement can not stay hostage to confrontational and violent politics. It is an abiding reality that offers a robust message to political actors in the country and their pals and nicely-wishers at home and abroad.
A major function of publish-poll Bangladeshi politics has been the role of external powers. Unquestionably, these external powers are friends and growth partners of Bangladesh. It is a frequent trend today that improvement partners, identified as the diplomatic community, have a tendency to get involved in domestic politics in the developing planet. In South Asia, Nepal, Maldives, and Pakistan have faced this in diverse degrees. Bangladesh is no exception. It is generally perceived that parties in opposition often invite lively involvement of the diplomatic neighborhood in domestic politics, making it element of their anti-government movement. Even though the diplomatic local community could not resolve any single violent political dispute in between the two significant political events in Bangladesh, there is no signal of their diminishing role. In 2013, it reached in its peak when the UN-supported Taranco mission produced several attempts to strike a deal between the warring political events.
This time, surprisingly, almost all major growth partners attempted to get involved in the unfolding political predicament in Bangladesh. The US, EU, India, the UN, China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Canada, and Australia all played a position. Of program, some have been far more noticeable than other folks. What is exciting is their frequent spirit – 1 of idealism for holding credible and inclusive elections. No doubt, every state has their national interest to serve in the foreign policy arena. Diplomats from all these countries and groups are to defend their national interests, and they have been undertaking so. But, it appears that a lot of of these external gamers have been guided by ideals rather than the reality in Bangladesh. The diplomatic local community was solely concerned with the electoral approach with no providing a lot consideration to the evolving political dynamics in Bangladesh.
Even so, in the post poll context, the exact same actors have been demonstrating a greater knowing of domestic politics in Bangladesh. Issues of war crimes trials, rise of political violence, militancy, risk of fundamentalist politics, and vulnerability of minority communities to vested quarters matter for democracy and governance in Bangladesh. They matter seriously against the backdrop of enormous destruction and heinous attacks on the lives and properties of widespread individuals as seen prior to and following the polls. The submit-poll European Parliament resolution (16 January 2014), the Hearing on Bangladesh by the US Senate Committee on Foreign Relations (eleven February 2014), and statements of several growth partners of Bangladesh present a pragmatic view of the political situation in Bangladesh. Any misperception or subjective view of Bangladeshi politics would not be of any support to the 160 million individuals of Bangladesh nor democracy in the nation.